- Rosh Hashanah (ROHSH hah SHAH-nuh; RUSH-uh SHAH-nuh)
Lit. first of the year. The new year for the purpose of counting years. It is one of the holiest festivals of the year, renewing the crowning of G-d as king of time and space (melekh ha-olam) with celebration and blasts of the shofar (a ram's horn trumpet). Sabbatical (Shemittah) and Jubilee years begin at this time and are counted based on this date.